- Copy the text below and paste it in a text-editing program (Microsoft Word/ Open office, etc.).
- Play the audio and fill in the blanks in the text you have pasted in the text-editing program.
- Answer the questions in the test below.
- Download the Answer Sheet (Quiz questions included.)
Advanced English Listening Comprehension and Quiz
The Human Mind – Vision and Hearing
1. Listen to the text and fill in the blanks.
Conventional __________ once had it that each brain region is responsible for a specific ___________. And so we have the motor cortex for handling __________, and the visual cortex, for processing __________. And scientists thought that such regions remained fixed for those tasks beyond the age of ______.
But within the past ________ researchers have realized that some brain regions can pinch hit for other regions, for example, _______ a damaging stroke.
And now new research ________ that the visual cortex is constantly doing double duty—it has a role in processing not just sight, but ________. When we hear, we see a siren.
In the study, scientists scanned the brains of blindfolded participants as the subjects listened to three sounds.
And the scientists could tell what specific sounds the ________ were hearing just by analyzing the brain activity in the visual cortex.
The next _______ is to determine why the visual cortex is horning in on the audio action. The researchers think the additional role conferred an evolutionary advantage: having a visual system primed by sound to see the source of that sound could have given ________ an extra step in the race for _______.
2. Important English vocabulary in the text:
|conventional||based on what is generally done or believed. (traditional)|
|pinch hit||to act as a substitute for someone, especially in an emergency.|
|cortex||(pl. cortices) the outer region of an organ or structure|
|participant||someone who takes part in something|
|to confer||(here) to give something as a gift, or favor|
|to prime||(here) prepared, supported|
|blindfolded||someone who has their eyes covered, so that they cannot see|
|to horn in||to interfere|
In the text “conventional wisdom had it” means “according to conventional wisdom” as in the expression “rumor has it that…” (according to rumor)
3. Answer the questions:
Resources: Scientific American